“In the next twelve months will be critical to ensure national commitments are more ambitious, in particular on the part of major manufacturers to begin to reduce immediately emissions of greenhouse gases at a rate consistent with the zero net emissions by 2050”. With this declaration, the secretary-general of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres , has anticipated the work of COP25, the conference on climate change held in Madrid until the 13th of December and it was opened yesterday.
The conference would have been held at Santiago de Chile, but the protests anti-government in recent months have suggested to marry the home of the most important to work table on the climate. So important that we participate in leading at least fifty Countries: absent Donald Trump – who has already started the formal procedure to exit from the agreement on climate change signed in Paris by the previous administration – but in its place there will be the democratic speaker of the house Nancy Pelosi.
The emissions of greenhouse gases are mainly composed of CO2, methane and oxide of nitrogen. Are involved human activities such as industrial ones, but also livestock and agriculture.
With regard to the carbon dioxide (CO2) is an important part of this emission comes from the use of fossil fuels by means of transport land, sea and air. In Europe 15% of CO2 emissions comes from cars and vans, and is the only one not to have diminished in the last ten years.
The European Commission has proposed to reduce the limit of 2021 for the emissions from new cars and new vans of 15% by 2025 and 30% by 2030.
The european Parliament and the european Council reached an agreement on the objectives to reduce CO2 emissions far higher than those proposed by the european Commission has been fixed at 37.5% of the reduction target for the emissions of new cars and 31% for new vans, targets to be achieved by 2030. Meps have also approved the proposal of the cut, by 2030, the CO2 emissions of new trucks by 30% compared to the levels of 2019.
As is well known, the automotive industry has developed petrol engines and diesel engines are always more efficient and also carbon decreasing dioxide, carbon and NOx.
But to meet the cuts required by the regulations becoming more stringent in terms of emissions, will significantly increase the supply of engines, hybrid and electric vehicles. Will have to do that also to avoid fines are very heavy.
Industrial investment in the electric car are of the order of hundreds of billions of dollars in the next ten years, with an important component devoted to the production of the batteries and related systems.
But even the States are called upon to support the electric mobility by encouraging the replacement of vehicles and more obsolete and, above all, by pushing on infrastructure charging. In Italy something is moving but we are very far from the objectives vararti from the German government that provide the realization of one million charging stations by the year 2030.
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The european plan for the fight against climate change, which goes under the name of Green Deal, provides for the allocation of 3,000 billion euro by 2050 for “A generational transition – according to the words of the president of the European Parliament, Ursula von der Leyem – towards climate neutrality”, i.e. towards the zero balance between the emissions and the capacity of the planet to absorb them.
An ambitious programme that currently sees just Norway, Switzerland, and Ukraine in line with the plan of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Many other countries, however, are lagging well behind on goals.