Breaks down the traffic, even after the lockdown. This is what emerges from the data recorded by TomTom, a Dutch multinational of the portable navigation and mapping. Through the database of the TomTom Traffic Index, the index of the congestion of the city (416 those monitored in the world, including 25 in Italy), and the information of the Move Portal, a platform which is accessible to the mobility manager and the mobility operators, the analysis of the company observes a reduction in the levels of congestion in the major urban centers between 75 and 85%.
Hold the ports and some itineraries. With the entry into force of the Dpcm of 9 march, which has in fact extended the red area to the whole Peninsula, in the months of march and April were found to situations relevant to traffic only in the port cities such as Livorno, Messina, Reggio Calabria, Palermo and, above all, Genoa, in spite of the general collapse. As to the links between the various centres have, however, observed shifts significant between genoa, Milan and Turin, that the cities of the industrial triangle, as well as on the Bologna-Florence and Livorno, and much lower, between Rome and Naples. In any case, the decline in transfers on the rubber and to the big cities which are considered by the analysis was over 80%.
In The Lombardy Region. Analyzing in more detail with Milan, however, capital of the region most affected by the Covid-19, we note that the reduction of the levels of traffic it has taken off from two weeks prior to the lockdown of march 9, while in Rome, in the same day, he even recorded a slight growth compared to 2019. They, of course, the emergency measures taken in advance, in Lombardy, at that period, affected by the raw red areas of the Peninsula.
Milan does not stop(it goes). However, when looking at the data for those two weeks, it turns out that the second one marks an increase in the levels of traffic compared to the previous one, despite the worsening of the health emergency. The reason might be found in the campaign “Milan does not stop”, with which the administration of the financial capital of Italy had authorised the reopening of some public places (theatres, cinemas, bars, night clubs and so on), after a stop lasted only a few days, but enough to put the crisis in trade and tourism. Own the area with the most commercial and tourist, that is, the rathaus (historic city center), is the one that has most suffered a reduction in the displacement to the inside in full lockdown (-88% of the levels of traffic from 23 to 29 march) and during the first days of Phase 2 (- 68% from 4 to 10 may).
Traffic still in decline. Although the life of italians are returning slowly to normal, the traffic is still well below the levels of 2019. In the week of June 15, 2020, for example, the data collected from the database of the TomTom Traffic Index reported a decrease in traffic of between 40% and 50% in Rome and Milan, as well as between 30% and 40% in Naples, Florence and Catania. “The smart working, the fear of infection, and the restrictions affect even on the shifts,” explained Chiara Angiolini, development manager associate partner of TomTom.
The case of Genoa. In contrast, however, there is the city of Genoa, which marks the levels of congestion by almost 40% compared to last year in the week’s callback, after that of 8 June in which the former maritime republic had already registered a growth of a little less than a fifth of what occur in 2019. “In terms of traffic, the ligurian capital is having a behavior ‘aggressive’: in addition to having a significant role in the national logistics, the city is also the headquarters of a major construction site, one of the new viaduct, which could justify these data in the trend”.
Earned time. In numerical terms, starting from march there was a significant collapse in journey times and extra during peak hours. If in Rome, citizens took an average of 44 minutes for a distance that, in the absence of traffic, it would take half an hour, this time further down now, a little over 12 minutes. Very similar data are found in Milan, where there are about 10 more minutes of travel, instead of the previous 38, while Genoa are down to only 8 minutes, going from 31 to 23 minutes extra.
The reflection. With respect to the time spent in traffic, “this disaster has taught us how to work in a different way, to manage ourselves, our movements and not be slaves of the latter, with more sustainable behaviour,” explains Angiolini. Once again, we take as a reference Milan: in 2019, the index of congestion from 8.00 am to 9.00 achieved a record average value, Wednesday, equal to 69% (or 29 minutes for a trip that, in the absence of traffic, it would last 30, in the same period, the average index recorded in the late afternoon, from 18.00 to 19.00, it was an average of 60%, which translates into 18 minutes of travel. “Minutes that we lose our lives,” said the manager. “If we could have a working time more flexible, we could take advantage of the better other times of the day, for example, coming out of the house at 6.00. Even, we have calculated that in Milan there is a risk of losing 148 hours compared to a minimum of 61 hours that we would lose, however, in situations of congestion: there is a difference of 87 hours. There are few, if invested in the things that we love to do”.
Source: Quattroruote.en – Edited by Anthon K.