The season 2020 of Formula 1 is finally about to start: the roar of the engines of the Circus will be felt already this weekend at the Red Bull Ringcircuit, where is scheduled the first race of the year, the GP of Austria. But what are the values in the field? Waiting for the baptism in the track, let’s see what are the technical features that characterize the cars of the three top teams, Mercedes, Ferrari and Red Bull.
The Mercedes, that part with the favors of the prediction, ranks the W11, which has a muzzle (1) is always tight, with the conveyor air to below; the suspension (2), instead, exhibit the same pattern of 2019, with a triangle top with raised pivot which raises the attack outside from the hub (the tie rod of the steering gear is on the bottom).
The strut (3) has a bracket that is very strong and on an angle greater than that of the Ferrari. The air intake of the engine (4) is large, oval and of large size. As far as therear wing (5), is expected to have double-masts, although in the tests was tested a variant with mono prop. The Mercedes W11 has the dual exhausts (6), the Wastegate valve located below the main one. The bellies (7) are always very closed, low and narrow in the end zone.
In the central area (8), the bellies are impressive for the small size have been further lowered and dug. The mouth of the radiators has the following forms proposed by Ferrari, the most raised and rectangular. Finally, one cannot talk about the Mercedes W11 not to mention the DAS (9), the new system tried in the test that allows you to vary the convergence of the wheels in straight running and in curve. The steering wheel moves forward and backward to allow optimization of the car in a straight line and in curve. It will be the DAS for the new found winning of this world? Only time will tell.
The Ferrari SF1000, the single-seater of Red for the season 2020 F1, has a snout (1) off bulb and the small conveyor on the inside. The suspension (2), however, are without a pivot on the top triangle; the tie rod of the steering gear is on the bottom. The strut (3) has a bracket that is less marked than that of the Mercedes; the shock absorber is spring and not hydraulic. The air intake of the engine (4) is small and narrow, with two new wings of the “L” placed on the external sides. In the test, were used two versions of therear wing: one linear and the other to a spoon, is more suited to the fast circuits. A single exhaust with Wastegate valve (6) is placed above the main one.
The bellies (7) of the Ferrari SF1000 are slightly more voluminous than those of Mercedes; in this test, it was tested also a version even bigger. At the entrance of the radiators (8), the bellies were lowered and streamlined than the version 2019: you now have a trend down in the central area, but are not as extreme as those of the Mercedes. Ferrari has finally introduced a new front wing during the test (9): it is a solution designed to create higher downforce. Always respects the concept outwash, but all the flaps, including the main one, are of a new form, to give greater downforce on the front wheels.
The Red Bull is the team that has introduced the greatest number of changes, letting oneself be inspired by the solutions of the Mercedes. The muzzle (1) of the RB16 is narrow and streamlined, from the tip to the attack with the frame; under the snout is a long air conveyor (2) is very similar to that Mercedes. The tip of the nose (3) retains the bulb in the center, but you observe a long series of funnels on the inside, more spacious than those of the RB15 2019. The air intake of the engine (4) is similar to last year, except for the presence of two wings placed below the outlet to the central.
Therear wing (5) has double pillars, which last year were individuals. The Red Bull RB16 features dual exhaust with Wastegate valve, placed above the main one. The final area of the bellies (7) is unchanged, with a disposal, similar to that of the Ferrari; the central zone (8) has been streamlined and narrow, but it is more rounded than the 2019. With regards to the front wing (9), last year’s flap had forms more straight and high in the outer area; to 2020, instead, espouse the philosophy outwash, with flap low externally to direct more air to the outside of the wheels.
Drawings: Gabriele Pirovano