Formula 1 – 1961-1973: God save the queen!

In the great cycles in which it is possible to divide the 70-year history of the Formula 1, repeated in the Dossier attached to the July numbers of Quattroruote and Ruoteclassiche, the one that includes the 60’s and early 70 takes place in the sign of the supremacy of the manufacturers and of the british riders. Even if it is true that, looking at the gold book, you will find two major exceptions, that of 1961, with a tragic climax on the circuit of Monza, has won the laurel is the american Phil Hill Ferrari 156, and that of ’64, still prevail a Maranello Red (specifically, the 158) with the former champion of two wheels, John Surtees.

Alive the lightness. This cycle of supremacy the british has seen the emergence of especially the personalities of two figures: John Cooper and Colin Chapman. The first, together with the father, Charles, port, by ’57 the revolution in the world of the Grand prix, up to that time dominated by single-seater large, heavy and the front engine. The Cooper, however, have already understood from the experience in the junior formulae that lightness is more important than pure power: this philosophy, applied to the F. 1, leads already to the second season presence in the premier-class victories by Stirling Moss in the GP of Argentina and Maurice Trintignant in that of Munich. The Cooper-Climax sbaragliano lot of opponents in ’59 and in ’60 with the australian Jack Brabham, and since then, Formula 1 is not the same anymore: everyone, including the Ferrari, that will be the last to embrace this choice will be converted to rear engine, placed in the cars from the mass very low.

The genius of Colin. Chapman is a character that is more controversial. The brilliance of his insights into techniques, from the frantic search of the lightness of the ground effect of the 78, is not discussed, as they are acclarati his taste for the essentiality of the projects and the love for innovation. Sometimes, however, this approach has led him to push the investigation to the limits, perhaps even beyond: and there are various drivers (Jim Clark, Jochen Rindt) that they made the charges, losing his life at the wheel of a Lotus. This adds to the aura of mystery that has surrounded his death, which occurred on December 16, 1982 at the age of just 54 years, at a time when his company, he is in financial difficulty. Colin, however, remains one of the greatest interpreters of the philosophy of lightness, which is applied since its first car of F. 1, the Lotus 18, the chassis of which stemmed simply from that of a Formula one car Junior, which is designed to power much lower. His masterpieces remain as the Lotus 25 and 33, literally built around the pilot (the amazing Jim Clark) with which they make up in the World championships in ’63 and ’65 a combination of unbeatable.

Samples were unforgettable. Large drivers the british of that period, two of the three are scottish. The first is the unforgettable Jim Clark: born after four sisters, after having lived among herds of sheep, highlights the extraordinary talent, that does not escape Chapman. Of the 72 Grand prix starts, he won 25, winning 33 pole position: at Monza, in 1967, is not imposed but it makes a masterpiece, starting at the head, losing a lap to a puncture, then mounting up to get back to the command to stop at in close proximity to the finish line only to a problem of draft of the gasoline (the race will be won in the sprint by Surtees with the Honda). With the Lotus dominates the World of the ’63 and ’65; on a Lotus, but in Formula 2, he loses the life the 7th of April of ’68 at Hockenheim. Better luck is certainly touched at the second scottish company, sir Jackie Stewart, whose presence, despite 81 years of age, we can still enjoy in the guise of a commentator F. 1. Dyslexic boy, English national skeet shooting at the Olympic games Rome ’60, is in Ken Tyrrell, his Chapman: with the former woodsman, the English won the World cup in ’69 (with the Matra-Ford, managed by Tyrrell), ’71 and ’73. Then he understands that the races are too dangerous and retired, devoting themselves to many other activities, from the testimonials to the management, in the 90’s, his own team (which also manages to win a race with Johnny Herbert). English, not scottish, however, is the unforgettable Graham Hill’s son Damon will be world champion in 96 with Williams). All-round character, is the only one that, until now, has been putting on the Triple Crown, having won two World championships F. 1 (in ’62 and in ’68, with the inglesissime BRM and Lotus), the Indianapolis 500 (in ’66, with a Lola) and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in ’72, with the Matra-Simca and Henri Pescarolo as a companion). Five times a winner in the Monaco GP (according to this, only the legendary Ayrton Senna), Hill tried to create his own team of F. 1, before finding the death in 1975 at the controls of his own plane, a Piper Aztec.

Source: Quattroruote.en – Edited by Anthon K.